Thursday, April 18, 2024

Baglung ( Nepal ): History, Demographics, Economy, Culture


Baglung is a Municipality in Gandaki Province that lies in Western Nepal which is 275 km far away from Kathmandu. It is the headquarters of the Baglung District which covers an area of  1,784 square kilometers, According to the census 2021 it has a population of 250,554, and it is also a part of the Dhawalagiri Zone.

It is rich in nature & culture and is also known as Beni Bazaar. It is located at the cross-section of the Kaligandaki corridor that transverses Nepal in Northern–Southern & mid-hill highway that transverses Nepal in Eastern–Western directions respectively. It is covered by several districts like Parbat, Myagdi, Rukum, Rolpa, Gulmi, and Pyuthan Districts. It is a getaway to Mustang and Dhaulagiri mountain peaks, & Mustang.

It provides major service centers: Business, Finance, Education, Healthcare & also other many services. It is a hilly region many people live on the sides of the river. For farming purposes fertile planes are on both sides of the river. There are many foot traffic are abundant also known as suspension bridges. Many other suspension bridges also can be found in rivers and rivulets within the city limit.

✓ It is divided into many cultures, religions, casts, ethnicity, altitude, temperature, & many others.

 Major ReligionHinduism, Buddhism & Hindu-Buddhism mixed
Main ethnic groupMagar, Chhetri, Bramhan, Newar, Gurung, & Thakali.


✓ It is rich in herbal medicine plants which are generally found in hilly regions. The major crops of Baglung are Rice, corn, millet, wheat, & potato. There are many mines located in Baglung: iron and Copper mines being the most prevalent.

Read Also: Lumbini




In 1534 AD year, King Pratap Narayan ( Later Galkot ) of Parbat married the daughter of King Manimukunda Sen of Palpa. King Pratap Narayan brought Kalias a dowry that is not able to carry by anybody. A youth who is from the Kunwar family was able to carry the sword of Kali and was given the title of Khadka ( sword ).

Kalika Temple

One night, The king had a dream that Kali liked the place and wished to stay therefore the king decided to build the temple. Till 1590 BS ( 1533 AD ) this date, the Significants of the Population of Khadka Chhetri had been found. And King Pratap Narayan started the tradition of an annual fair during ‘Chaitra Dashain’. In the 18th century, Newar people moved to Baglung from Bhaktapur district. Baglung is a Great part of Nepal Greater Nepal under the war which was led by King Prithvi Narayan Shah.

After the war, several government offices have established so it was named as the headquarters of the Baglung District and also named an important economic & political town in Dhaulagiri Zone.




According to the 2021 census, there are 250,554 inhabitants in Baglung as per the report of the state restructuring committee. According to the 2021 census, annual Population growth decreased by −0.69%. People of Baglung do not speak only Nepali they speak many languages such as Newari, Gurung, Thakali, Tibetan, and Magar.

Baglung is a multicultural community that connects to the cultural city of Bhaktapur. It is divided into many cultures, religions, casts, ethnicity, altitude, temperature, & many others.

 terms of literacy

Main ethnic groupMagar, Chhetri, Bramhan, Newar, Gurung, Chhantyal and Thakali.


Major languagesPercentages
Newar 1.9%
Chantal 0.1%
Gurung 0.1%
Hindi 0.1%
Maithili 0.1%
Tamang 0.1%
Tharu 0.1%
Others 0.1%


Major religionPercentages
Hindu 92.9%





  Best place to travel in Baglung  

  1. Chitre High Bridge Trek  

Chitre High Bridge Trek  

This is a fantastic trek in Nepal with beautiful views of the Himalayas.

This is an adventure that includes Chitre Trek and Panchase Trek.

It combines nature, culture, & tradition of Nepalese people.


  2. Panchakot Dham  

Panchakot Dham

✓ It is turned into the tourist destination of Baglung, a Hindu sage, the influx of tourists has increased in this area after the complete construction, under the leadership of Muktinath Baba.

✓ This place is related to the ancient kings which is established to worship divine energy and to get power from it.

This Dham is made by five different kot: Karikot, Raynaranynakot, Tatajalkot, Sansaarkot, and Majhkot.


  3. Shiva Dhuri Village  

Shiva Dhuri Village

It is located in the Bihunkot, Baglung & also effective as the provincial government is focusing on homestay tourism in recent times.

All set is provided in this village, to welcome national as well as international tourists which is a Homestay facility to flow the tourist.

This village is famous for Rhododendrons and for its view of the Annapurna Himalayas.


  4. Balewa Bhairavsthan  

Balewa Bhairavstha

This temple is dedicated to the have been ruled Bhuretakure kings.

✓ Northern western of Bhairabsthan temple is Bhakunde town which has its significance in magar culture & the traditional food & accommodation in homestays.

It is enlisted in the top 100 tourism destination areas in Nepal.




The completion of many highways project has put Baglung at the crossroads of the major Northern–Southern, and Eastern–Western highway systems of Nepal. Traks are opened for the Kaligandaki Corridor highway to connect Tibet to the north via Mustang and border towns in the South. Hari bahadur khadka monument road connects Baglung with Kushmi Sera in the southern city. It is also connected to the Beni Bazaar at the Magydi to the Northern part.




There is a large number of government and non-governmental institutes & Administrative as well as service centers located. It is a banking and financial center of the Kaligandaki Valley region. Financial services are also provided by several co-operatives and finance companies which is operated out of the city. Remittance plays an essential role in the economy of Baglung. In the neighboring Country of India, a huge number of people are employed. The transportation sector is also the main source of employment in Baglung.

The town is fulfilled with many grocery stores, repair shops, tailors, beauty parlors, & clothing & electronics outlets also a few small-scale industries.  A significant number of people are employed in schools and institutions of higher educational level.




Baglung is a multicultural city also known for its folk Nepali music. On the occasion of ‘Chaitra Dashain’, a Folk music competition is also held there. Dance-Lakhe, Maruni, Ghatu, Hanuman, Jogi, Ropai, Katuwal, Putali, Sisno, Khesnae, Bagh, Mayur (peacock), Jhakri, Adi, Sorathi, Salejo, Kheli, Thado Bhaka.


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